American director, born in New York in 1928, died in St Albans (England) in 1998.
Raised in a Jewish family from the Bronx, Kubrick neglected school but developed a passion for chess and photography. Self-taught, he worked as a photoreporter for Look magazine before entering the film industry in the 1950s through documentary and B-movies. He maintained an ambivalent relationship with Hollywood and thus emigrated to England in 1961 where, isolated in his mansion, he developed a firmly independent method of creation. In 13 long features - all masterpieces - Kubrick experimented with all genres. He displayed an equal mastery, combining fine art direction, unforgettable acting performances and virtuoso technique (from the candlelight of Barry Lyndon to the steadicam of The Shining). This author is so iconic that even his unfulfilled dreams are a source of passion (from Napoleon to AI, finally directed by Spielberg). His work shaped the history of the 20th century : its wars (the nuclear one from Dr. Strangelove), its extra-terrestrial visions (2001: A Space Odyssey), its phantoms (The Shining), its urban violence (A Clockwork Orange), its dysfunctional relationships (Lolita, Eyes Wide Shut)... The repressed feelings of modernity inhabit these clinical and sulfurous images that are summarized in the final word of his filmography : “Fuck”.
Fear and Desire (1953) - Killer's Kiss (1955) - The Killing (1956) - Paths of Glory (1957) - Spartacus (1960) - Lolita (1962) - Dr Strangelove or: How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love the Bomb (1964) - 2001: A Space Odyssey (1968) - A Clockwork Orange (1971) - Barry Lyndon (1975) - The Shining (1980) - Full Metal Jacket (1987) - Eyes Wide Shut (1999)