French filmmaker, born in 1932 in Paris, died 21 October 1984 in Neuilly-sur-Seine.
François Truffaut’s childhood was marked by his hatred for school and his conflicts with his mother (his father was unknown). He found solace in reading and countless hours at the cinema. At the age of sixteen he spent several months in a youth rehabilitation centre for unpaid debts of the film club he had created. When he left the centre, André Bazin took him under his wing and helped Truffaut publish his first film reviews. At the film magazine Cahiers du cinéma and the magazine Arts, he became friends with Godard, Rivette, Chabrol, and Rohmer, who became inseparable and together revolutionised French film reviewing, eventually becoming the French New Wave movement. In 1958 he made a short film The Mischief Makers followed a year later by The 400 Blows, the first volume of an autobiographical saga featuring Antoine Doinel, Truffaut’s fictional counterpart played by Jean-Pierre Léaud. This film, universally recognized as a decisive work, launched the filmmaker’s career that includes more than twenty feature films. His entire life was devoted to film in all its aspects: he acted in several of his own films and in Spielberg’s Close Encounters of the Third Kind, he produced Rivette and Pialat’s first films, and continued to write film reviews regularly, notably in his most famous work, Le Cinéma selon Alfred Hitchcock, a book of interviews with the master of suspense.
Une visite (1954) - Les Mistons (1957) - Une histoire d'eau, cosigné avec Jean-Luc Godard (1958) - Les Quatre cents coups (1959) - Tirez sur le pianiste (1960) - Jules et Jim (1962) - Antoine et Colette (moyen métrage du film à sketches L'Amour à 20 ans) (1962) - La Peau douce (1964) - Fahrenheit 451 (1966) - La Mariée était en noir (1968) - Baisers volés (1968) - La Sirène du Mississipi (1969) - L'Enfant sauvage (1969) - Domicile conjugal (1970) - Les Deux Anglaises et le continent (1971) - Une belle fille comme moi (1972) - La Nuit américaine (1973) - L'Histoire d'Adèle H. (1975) - L'Argent de poche (1976) - L'Homme qui aimait les femmes (1977) - La Chambre verte (1978) - L'Amour en fuite (1979) - Le Dernier métro (1980) - La Femme d'à côté (1981) - Vivement dimanche ! (1983)